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Diacritics and special characters
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All searches result in a hit list showing only books found in the BCWT library.

When searching for a title or a subject it is recommended to use only a few significant words. It is usually not necessary to search for the entire title or the complete subject heading (but it is, of course, possible).
It is also recommended to avoid very common and insignificant words like articles, prepositions, etc. 

The system is not case sensitive, i.e. it makes no distinction between upper case and lower case letters. 

These search tips are valid for the regular LIBRIS Database, as well as for the specialized databases and subject bibliographies. Additional search tips may be found in the database info (on the search screen) for each database.


Diacritics and special characters

When searching for diacritics (accents, circumflex, cedilla etc.) the character can be entered with or without the diacritic. 
chrétien can be entered as chrétien or chretien, Düsseldorf as düsseldorf or dusseldorf 

Swedish ĺ, ä and ö are, however, not treated as umlauts but as special characters. German ä and ö are treated the same way. There are two ways to search if these characters are missing on your keyboard: 
mask the characters with a ? (question mark), e.g Sk?ne for Skĺne. 
Use the edit facility in your browser to copy the character. 
ĺ ä ö 

Special characters, like apostrophe, hyphen and slash are accepted in a search statement (e.g. cad/cam). It is however recommended that they are omitted in a search statement, i.e. search the words before and after the special character as two separate words (e.g. cad cam).
French and Italian words with apostrophes are preferably searched as one word: l'hôtel, l´etŕ. The same applies, of course, to names like O'Neill and s´Hertogenbosch. 

Note! When searching for personal names like D'Alembert, it is recommended that only the most significant part of the name is entered, i.e. alembert.

The "s" in English possessives can be omitted, e.g. Brown will retrieve both Brown and Brown's 


Advanced searches

The implicit operator between search entries is AND and the same is usually the case within individual search entries. (In the case of publication and library codes the implicit operator is OR). Except for the title entry, it is however possible to change the operator within a search entry (but not between them). 

Permitted operators are the following: 


AND - All search terms must occur 

OR - One or more of the search terms must occur 

NOT - One or more of the search terms must not occur 

ADJ - The search terms must occur adjacent to each other in a specific order

ADJn - The search terms must occur adjacent to each other with n words in between (ADJ1, ADJ2 etc)

NEAR - The search terms must occur adjacent to each other but in any order 

NEARn - The search terms must occur adjacent to each other, but in any order and with n words in between (NEAR1, NEAR2 etc) 

WITH - The search terms must occur in the same field

SAME - The search terms must occur in the same sentence 

XOR - Exclusive OR, i.e. only one of the search terms can occur.



A phrase may also be surrounded by quotation marks, which will have the same meaning as the proximity operator ADJ. This means that identical responses should be returned by the search statements "social science" and social ADJ science.

The operator NOT can also be used together with ADJ(n), NEAR(n),
SAME, and WITH in order to exclude words that occur together. Write
NOT ADJ, NOT NEAR etc.

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